So, what are we to make of the access that Hebrews 10 teaches we have with God? What does it mean? Close attention to the context in Hebrews will bring us good understanding. God has grated us bold “entrance into the holy place” (eisodon tōn hagiōn, v. 19) by the blood of Jesus. This access is “through the veil,” that is, through his flesh. Furthermore, we have our bodies washed with clean water and our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience (v. 22).
Jesus himself has “access,” for he is “seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man” (8.1-2). What he has, the old covenant priests, and indeed the people they served, could not have. Only the High Priest, only on the Day of Atonement, entered the sanctuary, and not without blood. Jesus, too, entered by blood, but not like the old covenant’s priests. They had to offer a blood sacrifice for their own sins. Jesus, by contrast, offered his blood sacrifice only for the sins of others (7.27). They entered only to leave (and one senses that they must have left at the earliest opportunity, “For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests,” 7.28). He, on the other hand, sits at God’s right hand! They obtained only cleansing for the flesh, atonement that could not affect the conscience of the worshiper (9.9-10). Thus, he as obtained eternal redemption (9.11-12). Is this all just another way of saying that we are forgiven? That we are right with God? What bearing does it have on us?